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Multiple-RAT selection for reducing call blocking/dropping probability in cooperative heterogeneous wireless networks

Olabisi E Falowo* and H Anthony Chan

Author Affiliations

Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking 2012, 2012:221  doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2012-221

Published: 17 July 2012


There is an increasing demand for high bandwidth-consuming services such as real-time video and video streaming over wireless access networks. A single radio access technology (RAT) in a heterogeneous wireless network may not always have enough radio resource to admit high bandwidth-consuming calls, such as video calls. Existing joint call admission control (JCAC) algorithms designed for heterogeneous wireless networks block/drop an incoming call when none of the available individual RATs in the network has enough bandwidth to admit the incoming call. Consequently, video calls experience high call blocking/dropping probability in the network. However, some calls such as multi-layer coded (scalable) video can be transmitted/received over one or multiple RATs. This article proposes a JCAC algorithm that selects a single or multiple RATs for scalable video calls in heterogeneous wireless networks, depending on availability of radio resources in available RATs. Non scalable calls are always admitted into a single RAT by the algorithm. The aim of the proposed algorithm is to reduce call blocking/dropping probability for both scalable and non-scalable calls. An analytical model is developed for the proposed JCAC algorithm, and its performance is evaluated. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm reduces call blocking/dropping probability in heterogeneous wireless networks.

Heterogeneous wireless network; Joint radio resource management; Joint call admission control; Radio access technology; Markov chain; Mobile terminal